A lot of women in menopause or about entering it will agree it can be a challenging time in any woman’s life. However, it doesn’t have to be a mini sentence as there are proven techniques to help manage and alleviate all menopause symptoms.
A lot of women dread menopause and everything it connotes. To a lot, it’s a phase that’s far, far away, or one that only becomes real when you discuss or think about it.
However, not discussing menopause doesn’t make it magically skip you as every women will go through it as she ages.
A lot of women report having a harder time going through the menopause symptoms as they were unaware of them to begin with and so, these symptoms crept upon them unawares.
While being aware of the common menopause symptoms doesn’t necessarily reduce the intensity of any, it does, to an extent, prepare you, that way you know what to expect and are better equipped to manage it.
What is Menopause?
Menopause means the end of regular period for a woman. You are said to be in menopause when you’ve had no periods for 12 consecutive months and this usually signifies the end of your fertile years.
Women will typically begin the transition into menopause (a period also called perimenopause) mostly from age 45, although a few women have been reported to begin on or before 40 years of age.
What Causes Menopause
A woman is said to be in menopause when her body has very little or no functioning eggs anymore.
Unlike men who produce sperm as they go, women get born with all the eggs they’ll need in their lifetime. Each woman gets born with about 1 to 3 million of these eggs. However, by the time she reaches puberty, a lot would have been lost, leaving an estimated 400,000 left.
Each month, a hormone present in your body, the Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) causes a few of these eggs to grow and mature resulting in ovulation.
By the time a woman approaches menopause, most of the 400,000 eggs would have been lost through ovulation or would have died off through a process called atresia, leaving an estimated 10,000 left.
As you approach menopause, these eggs left become more resistant to the FSH hormone and since your ovaries also produce less of the estrogen hormone, the hormone responsible for regulating your menstrual cycle, you’ll find you will start to experience less and less periods until hwy cease altogether.
Some Top Facts Women in Menopause Should Know
Since menopause is something every woman will experience, here are some key facts about it every woman should know:
1.The average age for women to begin menopause is 51 years, although a few women report starting as early as 45 years.
2.Very early menopause (menopause that begins before age 40) is quite rare and only 1 in 100 women report experiencing it.
3.Menopause typically begins with perimenopause (irregular period) and you can still get pregnant during this time.
4.You are said to be in menopause as a woman when you’ve had no period for at least 12 months.
5.Smoking and drinking are two lifestyle habits that can trigger early menopause.
6.Menopausal symptoms can be so pronounced, they greatly impact your life.
7.Hot flashes is regarded as the most common symptom women in menopause experience.
8.Also, certain things can trigger a hot flash episode, things like eating spicy food, taking caffeine,drinking or smoking.
9.The fist sign of perimenopause is your menstrual cycle becoming irregular.
Some Common Symptoms of Perimenopause
While the signs of perimenopause will differ from one women to another, even in women of the same family, some common symptoms you should look out for include:
- Hot flashes
- Weight gain
- Vagina dryness
- Mood swings
- Breast tenderness
- Muscle pain
- Lower sex drive
- Irregular periods
- Trouble sleeping
- Memory lapses
- Panic attacks
- Night sweats
- Hair thinning or loss
- Headaches and fuzziness
- Bone loss or osteoporosis
- Irregular heartbeats
- Urinary tract infection
Treatment for Menopause
Women experiencing very severe perimenopausal symptoms can seek out treatment to manage this condition and bring relief. Some common treatments available include:
1.Hormone Replacement Therapy
Since menopause is caused by a decline in your estrogen hormones, the hormone replacement therapy, also called an estrogen replacement therapy, will balance out the side effects that come with this hormone decline.
It is considered the most effective treatment for women in menopause and is available in the following: skin patches, therapy, creams, lubricants, implants, among others.
2.Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is therapy that is geared towards helping women in menopause cope with he changes they are experiencing.
3.Eating a Balanced Diet
Certain nutrients gotten from food like Phytoestrogens, protein and fats have been known to greatly reduce the symptoms of menopause and should be taken as often as you can.
Regular exercises has been linked to perimenopausal symptom relief, since these help you maintain the ideal weight and also eliminate stress, two factors that can aggravate some perimenopasal symptoms.
Tags: menopause, perimenopause, women in menopause, menopause symptoms